Why Vanadium?

VANADIUM - A Metal For The Future
Steel Story
  • Used in the Steel industry as a strengthening agent, creating a lightweight, high temperature alloy.
  • Sichuan Earthquake killed 68,000 people in 2008, and injured a further 130,000. In response, China mandated a significant increase in required vanadium in rebar.
  • In November 2018, China's new mandate went into full effect.
  • All above ground stockpiles have been depleted, and vanadium is in a shortfall.
VRB
  • Vanadium is becoming an integral part of the new electric economy.
  • Vanadium redox flow batteries are ideal for grid storage capabilities.
  • Stable, capable of +100,000 recharge cycles without significant degradation, can charge and discharge simultaneously.
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Vanadium is in the midst of a bull market, due to Chinese steel demand and the advent of Vanadium Redox Batteries (VRB).

US Policies Favour Vanadium
  • Executive Order 13817, signed on December 20, 2017, lists Vanadium as one of 35 critical metals to the USA.
  • US House of Representatives passed Amendment 122 to NDAA in June of 2018 to streamline permitting for critical metals.
  • Amendment 122 aims to accelerate permitting, licensing and work progress.
  • Long term security and value add for shareholders.
35 Critical Metals of the USA
ENERGY
HAFNIUM RHENIUM TANTALUM URANIUM
STEEL
MAGNESIUM CHROMIUM TIN TELLURIUM MANGANESE VANADIUM NIOBIUM
INDUSTRIAL
BERYLLIUM ZIRCONIUM TUNGSTEN ALUMINIUM PGMS BARITE FLUORSPAR ARSENIC SCANDIUM STRONTIUM TITANIUM POTASH
TECHNOLOGY
GERMANIUM INDIUM GALLIUM RARE EARTHS
BATTERIES
LITHIUM COBALT ANTIMONY GRAPHITE
RESEARCH
HELIUM RUBIDIUM CESIUM BISMUTH

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